Dr. Robert Singleton                                                                        Economics 110

Department of Economics                                                                Microeconomic Theory


                                                                       COURSE SYLLABUS

Course Objective:

In this course we will study the behavior of individual economic agents, including consumers, firms, and local government agencies as they interact with one another, as in markets, to determine the prices at which goods and services are sold and the quantities that are sold.  We will study the laws of supply and demand, elasticity, production and cost, under competition, monopoly and other market forms.  Finally, we will analyze various government policies that attempt to influence this behavior.

Required Texts:

McConnell and Brue, Microeconomics, 17th edition (New York, McGraw-Hill, Inc. 2005)

Class Schedule:

                        Introduction and Overview: Economics and Critical Thinking     

                            What are economic issues and how are they analyzed?              

Topic 1            Understanding the Economic Approach*                                            Chs. 1, 2

What is the economist’s definition of economics?

The Economizing Problem

Topic 2            Microeconomic Theory*                                                                    Chs. 3 to 6

Understanding Individual Markets

Pure Capitalism and the Market System

The U.S. Mixed Economy and the Global Economy


                        Review Discussion and Midterm No. 1  (Chapters 1-6)


Topic 3            Microeconomics of Product Markets*                                                Chs. 7, 9

Elasticity of Demand and Supply

The Costs of Production

Topic 4            Price and Output Determination*                                                        Chs. 10 - 13

Pure Competition vs Pure Monopoly

Monopolistic Competition vs Oligoply

Topic 5            Microeconomics of Resource Markets*                                              Chs. 14 - 16

Production and Demand for Resources

Pricing and Employment of Labor Resources

Pricing and Employment of Nonlabor resources: Rent, Interest and Profits


                        Review Discussion and Second Midterm (Chs. 7, 9 - 16)


Topic 6            Policy Analysis: Market Failure and Public Choice                                Chs. 17, 18                             

Market Failure

Public Choice

Topic 7            Labor Market Issues                                                                            Chs. 21, 22

Inequality and Poverty

Unionism, Discrimination and Immigration


                        Term Paper Presentations and Review Discussion


                        Final Examination (Comprehensive)


Policy Statements

Grading Policy:

Before the introduction of topics 1 through 5, there will be a brief pre-test, and afterwards, a post-test.  Together these will count for ten percent of the Final grade.  Midterms will count for twenty percent of the Final Grade (each).  Classroom “active” participation will count 10 percent. The final examination will count for 40 percent.  There will be no makeups:  missed pre- and post-tests are forever bygones, and (only) one missed midterm may be counted twice on the final.       

Ethics Policy:

Anyone caught cheating will receive an F for that material.
Office; Office Hours; Office Phone No.; Fax No. And E-mail address
University Hall 4212
Tuesday and Thursday,  (and by appointment);
phone: (310) 338-7373
fax: (310) 338-1950 (FAX);

All dates, times, lecture topics and examinations are approximations, and are subject to change during the semester if the professor deems that it will contribute to a better learning experience.

Dr. Robert Singleton                                                                             Economics 120

Economics Department                                                                         Macroeconomic Principles


                                                            COURSE SYLLABUS

Course Objectives:

This course will explore the main principles of economic theory at the level of the aggregate economy, i.e. the determination of the level of national income and output (given information on their components), and the role of macroeconomic policy in that determination, as well as the importance of the price level, interest rates and long-term growth.  Also covered are the concepts of full employment and inflation, budgets, deficits, the public debt, money supply and money creation.

Required Texts:

McConnell and Brue, Macroeconomics, 15th edition (New York, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 2003)

Wall Street Journal

Class Schedule:

Topic 1           Orientation, Semester Overview and the Economist’s Toolkit                                       Chs 1, 2    

What is the economic problem?

What is economic analysis?   

Topic 2          A First Look at Macroeconomics                                                                                  Chs 7, 8

What are Macroeconomic Issues?                                                                               

What do economists do to analyze macroeconomic issues?  

Topic 3           The Aggregate Expenditure Model                                                                               Chs 9, 10

What is macroeconomic stability?

What are the tabular, graphical and algebraic analyses of the path to stabilization?


Topic 4           First Quiz (Chs. 1,2 7-10); Aggregate Demand and Supply                                           Chs 11

What is the classical view of the Aggregate Model?

How are classical and keynesian equilibria similar?

Topic 5           Fiscal Policy                                                                                                                 Chs 12

What is fiscal policy?

What are the major fiscal policy issues?

Topic 6         Money and Banking and Money Creation                                                                       Chs 13, 14

What determines the supply and demand for money?

How is money created to satisfy the demand for money?


Topic 7          Midterm - ca. 10/11/’05 (Chs. 1,2,7-14)

Topic 8          Monetary Policy                                                                                                            Chs 15                                                                               

Topic 9          Semester Break - ca. 10/25/’05

Topic 10        Problems and Controversies in Macroeconomics                                                            Chs 16 - 19

Topic 11        Quiz No. 2 (Chs. 14-19) – ca. 11/15/’05

Topic 12        Thanksgiving Break – ca. 11/25/’05

Topic 13-15   Issues Seminars and Review

Topic 16        Final Examination Week (Comprehensive)


Policy Statements

Grading and Makeup Policy

Before the introduction of topics 1 through 5, there will be a brief pre-test and, afterwards, a post-test.  Together these will count for ten percent of the Final grade.  Two quizzes will be worth 10% of the final grade each, a midterm (20%) and a final examination (30%), classroom “active” participation (10%), and a Wall Street Journal article term paper (10%).  There will be no makeups--missed exams will count twice on the final.  Attendance is essential and will be checked in all class periods except the test dates and classroom experiments.
Ethics Policy

Anyone caught cheating will receive a grade of F for that material.
Office; Office Hours; Office Phone NO.; And E-mail address
Tuesdays and Thursdays, 1 PM – 4 PM and by appointment.
Office and Phone No.
UNH 4212,  87373
e-mail address

Disclaimer statement:

            The professor reserves the right to announce any changes in the above syllabus that he deems useful toward attaining the stated objectives of the course.

Dr. Robert Singleton                                                                             Economics 398.01

Economics Department                                                                         Urban Economic Geography


                                                   COURSE SYLLABUS



 This course borrows extensively from the authors of the assigned text to teach Economic Geography, which is the study of the internal structure of urban areas and cities and urban systems based on principles of economics, geography and geographical information systems (GIS). The course covers the design and functioning of geographic information systems, applications to business, the environment, and management of GIS.  The class includes hands‑on experience with a GIS CD Rom  that accompanies the textbook.

Required Text:

Greene, Richard P. and James B. Pick, Exploring the Urban Community: A GIS Approach (Prentice Hall, 2006)



            1.         To learn to apply the tools of GIS in the study of Economic Geography.


            2.         To obtain skills in spatial analysis.


            3.          To become knowledgeable of the ArcView and ArcGIS software applications. 


            4.         To appreciate how decision‑makers in the public and private sectors can better assess and  make decisions through the use of GIS.


            5.         To understand how a GIS department in an organization designs and develops a GIS.


            6.         To recognize the task of gathering information that is relevant and important for GIS applications. 


            7.         To understand the availability of different types of information to GIS.


Students are expected to attend all classes and workshops, unless excused by the faculty member teaching the course.  Students are required to sign their own name on the attendance sheet for each class session. 


According to the authors of the textbook, use of a Geographic Information System (GIS) is becoming standard among governmental and non‑governmental agencies with a resource management or planning mission.  The U.S. Office of Management and Budget found that federal expenditures on digital GIS was around $4 billion in 1993.  Currently the total value of the digital GIS industry in the U.S. exceeds $14 billion (Longley et al., 1999).  There are also large and increasing numbers of users.  In the mid 90s, worldwide estimates were at least 100,000 heavily technical users, one half million desktop users, and one million casual users (Longley et al., 1999).  Today the total number of GIS users is estimated at eight million (Longley et al., 1999).  GISs are fast becoming the state of the art in corporations as well ‑‑ for example there is heavy GIS use in the utilities, natural resource, distribution, transportation, and food industries.  GIS familiarity is a skill many students will need to acquire in the next several years as GIS diffuses more rapidly, including into their job situations.  In fact, some U. Redlands students and graduates are working actively in commercial GIS.

Grading Policy

Before the introduction of topics 1through 5, there will be a brief pre-test, and afterwards a post-test.  Together, these will count for ten percent of the Final grade.  Laboratory work will count for forty percent, classroom active participation will count 10 percent, and the Final examination for forty percent.  There will be no makeups. . . one missed Lab result will be counted twice on the cumulative Final Examination

How Critical Thinking and Writing Requirements Will Be Met

Students will be expected to read the textbook critically.  Critical thinking should be evidenced in the presentation on Workshop VI.  In the class project, the student is expected to think critically and also to write well.  In particular, the project asks the student to critically evaluate the geographical information needs for a business problem.

Office; Office Hours; Office Phone Number and e-mail address
University Hall 4212
Tuesday and Thursday, (and by appointment);
(310) 338-7373; (Off.); (310) 338-1950 (FAX);

All dates, times lecture topics and examinations are approximations, and are subject to chage during the semester if the professor deems that it will contribute to a better learning experience.


PERSONAL INFORMATION SHEET    (to be turned in to instructor at first class meeting)


Name _______________________________________________________________________


Address ______________________________________________________________________


Company Name _______________________________________________________________


Company Address______________________________________________________________


Home Phone __________________________________________________________________


Bus. Phone ___________________________________________________________________


FAX ________________________________________________________________________


Personal Web Page _____________________________________________________________


E Mail _______________________________________________________________________


Your Business Job Title ______________________________________________________________


If you are involved with computers or information systems at work, please describe briefly how you are involved

Do you own a personal computer?  Yes _________  No __________


If yes, what type (manufacturer and model)? ____________________________


Have you every used mapping, GIS, or spatial analysis before?  If so, how? 




What systems and major software applications are you utilizing, managing, or interacting with at work (explain)?





What cutting edge computing technologies are you interested in?  What interests you?





What topics in the course are you particularly interested in?  Why?





What do you expect to get out of this GIS course?

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