The Commissar Vanishes Page Three of Five
This group shot, taken at the 14th Party Conference
in April, 1925 is a classic example of Stalinist photographic manipulation.
Only one of Stalin's comrades in this picture would die from natural causes.
The same photograph published in 2 biographies of Stalin that appeared
in 1939 and 1949, has been retouched and rearranged to reduce the group
to four, 60% of those present were erased from history.
Delegates to the 8th Congress in March 1919. Out
of the 20 delegates identified, eleven were killed by Stalin and three
more committed suicide in protest against his policies. The most
famous retouched version showed only Lenin, Stalin, and Kalinin.
Occasionally Kalinin was made to disappear, falsely suggesting Stalin's
extreme closeness to Lenin. Finally, when reproduced in the massive
"First Cavalry" album in 1938, even Lenin has gone!
Attack on the Working Class
Milkhail Tomsky [back row, left] and President Kalinin
[seated second from left] in Leningrad with unidentified Party functionaries
in 1927. Tomsky had boldly criticized Trotsky, but in 1929 criticized
Stalin's disastrous program of collectivization. He was accused of
"right deviationism" and removed from the Politburo. Then, attacked
by Vishinsky, Stalin's chief prosecutor at the show trials, Tomsky committed
suicide. Kalinin avoided becoming a victim of the purge, but Stalin
arrested his wife in 1938. She spent 8 years in a Gulag. The
photo at the left is a vicious attack in pen and ink on Tomsky and another
Click Here for Page Four