Articles, 1970-1979


Foreword. The Therapy of the Word in Classical Antiquity. By Pedro Lain Entralgo. Trans. L.J. Rather and John M. Sharp. New Haven: Yale UP, 1970. ix-xvi.

"'I See What You Say': Sense Analogues for Intellect." Human Inquiries: Review of Existential Psychology and Psychiatry 10 (1970): 22-42. Rpt in revised form in IW 121-44; and in FC3 91-111.

Introduction. Scholae in Liberales Artes. By Peter Ramus. Hildesheim, Ger.: Georg Olms Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1970. A fascimile of the 1569 Basel edition.

Preface. Micrograms: Notes to a Generation of Students. By Al Montesi. St. Louis: Maryhurst P, 1970. 9.


"English, 2000 A.D." St. Louis University Magazine 44 (July-Aug. 1971): 11.


Comments on W.T. Jones' "World Views: Their Nature and Their Function." Current Anthropology 13.1 (Feb. 1972): 91-109. Jones' paper published in the same issue, pages 79-91.

"Media Transformation: The Talked Book." College English Dec. 1972: 405-10. Adaptation of a talk given at the Annual Meeting of the National Council of Teachers of English in Nov. 1970. Rpt in IW 82-91.

"The Power and Mystery of Words." St. Louis University Magazine 45 (Oct. 1972): 4-6.

"Psychiatry and Literature: A Report with Reflections." Institute on Human Values in Medicine: Proceedings of the First Session, Arden House, Harriman, New York, Apr. 12-14, 1971. Ed. Lorraine L. Hunt. Philadelphia: Society for Health and Human Values, 1972. 23-46.


Comment on Louis Dupre's "The Secularist Crisis." The Secularist Crisis. Ed. William J. Rooney. Washington: Catholic Commission on Intellectual and Cultural Affairs, Apr. 1973. 12. Dupre's paper included in this 40-page brochure, pages 3-10, as well as comments by fifteen other people.

"Ramism." Dictionary of the History of Ideas. Vol. 4. Ed. Phillip P. Wiener. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1973. 42-45.


"Agonistic Structures in Academia: Past to Present." Daedalus: Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 103.4 (Fall 1974): 229-38. Rpt in expanded form in Interchange: A Journal of Education 5.4 (1974): 1-12; and in FC3 112-37. Commented on by Diana Hume-George. "The Miltonic Ideal: A Paradigm for the Structure of Relations Between Men and Women in Academia." College English 40 (Apr. 1979): 864-73. Ong's reply: "A Comment by Walter J. Ong, S.J." College English 40 (Apr. 1979): 871-73.

"Bird, Horse, and Chevalier in Hopkins' 'Windhover.'" The Hopkins Quarterly 1 (July 1974): 61-74. Rpt in FC3 138-50.

"Christianus Urstitius and Ramus' New Mathematics." Bibliotheque d'Humanisme et Renaissance 36 (1974): 603-10.

"The History and the Future of Verbal Media." Human Communications: Theoretical Explorations. Ed. Albert Silverstein. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1974. 165-83.

"Logic and the Epic Muse: Reflections on Noetic Structures in Milton's Milieu." Achievements of the Left Hand: Essays on the Prose of John Milton. Ed. Michael Lieb and John T. Showcross. Amherst: U of Massachusetts P, 1974. 239-68.

"Mass in Ewondo." America 28 Sept. 1974: 148-51.

"Printer's Legerdemain in Milton's Artis Logicae Plenior Institutio." Transactions of the Cambridge Bibliographical Society 6 (1974): 167-74.

"St. Louis: The Core City." Harper's Magazine 248 (Apr. 1974): 103. A letter written at the invitation of magazine editors in response to Stephen Darst's "Prufrock with a Baedeker: A Melancholy Lovesong for the City of St. Louis." Harper's Magazine 248 (Jan. 1974): 28-29, 32, 34.


"Catholic Theology Now." Theology Digest 23 (1975): 338-46. Rpt in Catholic Mind 75 (June 1977): 34-43; as "A Teologia Católica Hoje" in Leopoldianum: Revista de Estudos e Comunicaço~es' 5 (Abril 1978): 117-25; and in FC3 164-75. Address delivered at the inauguration of Father John W. Padberg, S.J., as President of the Weston School of Theology in Cambridge, MA, on 3 Oct. 1975.

"Commentary." Man and Medicine 1 (Winter 1975): 110-12. Comments on Michael Novak's "The Liberation of the Imagination: The Place of Intelligent Subjectivity in Health Care Education," published in the same issue, 95-107.

"Educational Democracy: Evolution and Revolution." Printed transcription of a television program taped 4 Feb. 1975 at KSD-TV, St. Louis, MO, in the series "Forum V--The Challenge of '76: Educational Democracy," in which Herbert Marshall McLuhan and Ong are interviewed by Otis Jackson (Danforth Foundation), Robert Walrond (Executive Driector of the Missouri State Committee for the Humanities), and Lucius F. Cervantes, S.J. (St. Louis Commissioner of Aging), with John Roedel (KSD-TV). Forum V--The Challenge of '76: Educational Democracy. Ed. Taffy Wilber. St. Louis: The Mayor's Office for Senior Citizens, 1975. 11-17.

Introduction. Conference Fabricated Man III: Brain Research and Human Consciousness. Sponsored by the Institute for Theological Encounter with Science and Technology (ITEST), 10-12 Oct. 1975, Fordyce House, St. Louis University, St. Louis, MO. Ed. Robert A. Brungs, S.J. St. Louis: Institute for Theological Encounter with Science and Technology, 1976. i-iv. Ong was presiding chairman of this conference and contributed to the discussions included in the volume.

"The Writer's Audience is Always a Fiction." PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association 90 (Jan. 1975): 9-21. Rpt in revised form in IW 53-81; in Twentieth Century Literary Theory: An Introductory Anthology. Ed. Vassilis Lambropoulos and David Neal Miller. Intersections: Philosophy and Critical Theory Ser. Albany: State U of New York P, 1987. 401-22; and in Contemporary Literary Criticism: Literary and Cultural Studies. Ed. Robert Con Davis and Ronald Schleifer. 2nd ed. New York: Longman, 1989. 82-99. This paper was developed from a much briefer paper read at Cambridge University, 24 Aug. 1972, at the Twelfth International Congress of the International Federation for Modern Languages and Literatures. The shorter version was published in Expression, Communication, and Experience in Literature and Language: Proceedings of the XII Congress of the International Federation for Modern Languages and Literatures. Ed. Ronald G. Popperwell. London: The Modern Humanities Research Association, 1973. 194-96.


"Commonplace Rhapsody: Ravisius Textor, Zwinger, and Shakespeare." Classical Influences on European Culture, A.D. 1500-1700. Ed. Robert R. Bolgar. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge UP, 1976. Rpt in revised form as "Typographic Rhapsody: Ravisius Textor, Zwinger, and Shakespeare." IW 147-88.

"Communications as a Field of Study." The 1977 Multimedia International Yearbook. Ed. Stefan Bamberger, S.J. Rome: Multimedia International, 1976. Rpt as "Communicaço~, Campo de Estudo." Leopoldianum: Revista de Estudos e Communicaço~es' 4 (Dezembro 1977): 121-31.

"From Mimesis to Irony: The Distancing of Voice." Bulletin of the Midwest Modern Language Association 9 (Spring/Fall 1976): 1-24. This paper was read as a keynote address at the opening session of the Seventeenth Annual Meeting of the Midwest Modern Language Association in Chicago, 6 Nov. 1976. Rpt in revised form as "From Mimesis to Irony: Writing and Printing as Integuments of Voice" in IW 272-302; and in revised form under the original title in The Horizon of Literature. Ed. Paul Hernadi. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1982. 11-42.

"From Rhetorical Culture to New Criticism: The Poem as a Closed Field." The Possibilities of Order: Cleanth Brooks and His Work. Ed. Louis P. Simpson. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 1976. 150-67. Rpt in revised form as "The Poem as a Closed Field: The Once New Criticism and the Nature of Literature" in IW 213-29.

"Milton's Logical Epic and Evolving Consciousness." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 120 (1976): 295-305. In abridged form, this study was presented as a paper at the Autumn General Meeting of the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, 18 Nov. 1975. Rpt as "From Epithet to Logic: Miltonic Epic and the Closure of Existence" in IW 189-212.

"We the Older Americans: Our Changing World." Forum 6: We the People--The Older Americans. Ed. Taffy Wilber. St. Louis: The Mayor's Office for Senior Citizens, 1976. A printed transcription of a radio program broadcast live 17 Nov. 1976 on KFUO (Clayton, MO) in the series "Forum 6: We the People--The Older Americans--Our Economy, Our Education, Our Land, Our Government: A Humanistic Perspective on Publis Issues in Missouri." Ong and Margaret Carey (Governor's Advisory Council on Aginag) were interviewed by Rev. Ronald Lind (Deputy Commissioner, St. Louis Mayor's Council for the Aging) and Barbara Nelson (KFUO).


"African Talking Drums and Oral Noetics." New Literary History: A Journal of Theory and Interpretation 8 (Spring 1977): 411-29. Rpt in revised form in IW 92-120; and in Oral-Formulaic Theory: A Folklore Casebook. Ed. John Miles Foley. New York: Garland, 1990.

"Beyond Objectivity: The Reader-Writer Transaction as an Altered State of Consciousness." The CEA Critic 40 (Nov. 1977): 6-13. Rpt in FC3 176-85.

"Government and Human Values." Forum 7: America's Third Century and Human Values. Ed. Taffy Wilber. St. Louis: The Mayor's Office for Senior Citizens, 1977. 10-19. A printed transcription of a radio program broadcast live 12 Oct. 1977 on KFUO (Clayton, MO) in the series "Forum 7: America's Third Century and Human Values." Ong and Congressman Richard Gephardt (MO) were interviewed by Joseph W.B. Clark (Director, Department of Welfare, City of St. Louis).

"Oral Culture and the Literate Mind." Minority Language and Literature: Retrospective and Perspective. Ed. Dexter Fisher. New York: MLA, 1977. 134-49.

"Transformations of the Word and Alienation." IW 17-49.

"Truth in Conrad's Darkness." Mosaic: A Journal for the Comparative Study of Literature and Ideas 11 (Fall 1977): 151-63. Rpt in FC3 186-201.

"Voice and the Opening of Closed Systems." IW 305-41. Rpt in FC2 162-90.


"Artis Logicae." A Milton Encyclopedia. Vol. 1. Ed. William B. Hunter, Jr., et al. Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell UP, 1978. 90.

"Literacy and Orality in Our Times." ADE Bulletin 58 (1978): 1-7. Rpt in Profession 79, 1-7; in abridged form in Journal of Communication 30 (Winter 1980): 197-204; in excerpted form as "Foreword" in Proverbs as Cultural Tools of Education in Nigeria (Annang as a Base). By Patrick P. Essien. Calabar, Nigeria: Cross River State Newspaper Corp., 1980. 6; in abridged form in Forum: A Newsletter of the English Composition Board, University of Michigan 3 (Fall 1981): 16-19; in The Writing Teacher's Sourcebook. Ed. Gary Tate and Edward P.J Corbett. New York: Oxford UP, 1981. 36-48. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford UP, 1988. 37-46; in Pacific Quarterly Moana (Hamilton, New Zealand) 7.2 (Oral and Traditional Literatures), 8-21; in abridged and revised form in Composition and Literature: Bridging the Gap. Ed. Winifred Bryan Horner. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1983. 126-40; in the Journal of Communication version in Public Communication: Perception, Criticism, Performance. Ed. Alan Goldman. Malabar, Fl: Robert E. Krieger, 1983. 55-61; in A Sourcebook for Basic Writing Teachers. Ed. Theresa Enos. New York: Random House, 1987. 45-55; and in Landmark Essays in Rhetorical Invention in Writing. Ed. Richard E. Young and Yameng Liu. Davis, CA: Harmagoras, 1994. 135-46. 

"Logic and Rhetoric." A Milton Encyclopedia. Vol. 5. Ed. William B. Hunter, Jr., et al. Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell UP, 1979. 30-36.

"Ramus, Peter." A Milton Encyclopedia. Vol. 7. Ed. William B. Hunter, Jr., et al. Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell UP, 1979. 91-92.

"Statement of Rev. Walter J. Ong, Professor of English and Professor of Humanities in Psychiatry at St. Louis University; and President, Modern Language Association of America." White House Conference on the Humanities: Joint Hearings before the Subcommittee on Select Educatin of the Committee on Educatin and Labor, House of Representatives, and the Subcommittee on Education, Arts, and Humanities of the Committee on Human Resources, United States Senate, on H.J Res. 639, to Authorize the President to Call a White House Conference on the Humanities. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978. 684-88. Presented 13 Jan. 1978 at the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.

"Technology Outside Us and Inside Us." Communio: International Catholic Review 5 (Summer 1978): 100-21. Rpt in FC1 189-208.


"Our Quest for Health (A Symposium): IV. Spiritual Health." Parameters in Health Care (St. Louis University Medical Center) 4 (Summer 1979): 12-16. Rpt as "The Way to Spiritual Well-Being: An Interview with Walter J. Ong, S.J." Catholic Mind 78 (Feb. 1980): 3-8.

"Presidential Address 1978: The Human Nature of Professionalism." PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America 94 (May 1979): 385-94.

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