Articles, 1960-1969


"Academic Excellence and Cosmic Vision." National Catholic Educational Association Bulletin: Report of the Proceedings and Addresses--Fifty-Seventh Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois 19-22 Apr. 1960 57 (Aug. 1960): 37-50.

"The Faculty Role: In the Liberal Arts." Higher Education in the United States: Report of the 1959 Midwest Fulbright Conference for Visiting Scholars From Abroad, held at Lindenwood College, St. Charles, Mo. 6-9 June 1959; sponsored by Washington University, St. Louis, Mo., in cooperation with the Conference Board of Associated Research Councils, Committee on International Exchange of Persons, with funds provided by the United States Department of State. St. Louis: Washington U, 1960. 31-33. Mimeographed.

"Latin and the Social Fabric." Yale Review 50 (Sept. 1960): 18-31. Sequel: "Latin and the Social Fabric." Newsweek 7 Nov. 1960: 109. Rpt in Japanese (as "Ratengo to shakaikiko") in Americana: A Monthly Journal of Humanities, Social Sciences, and Natural Sciences 7 (July 1961): 50-64; in BW 206-19; and in FC3 43-56.

"Nationalism and Darwin: A Psychological Problem in Our Concept of Social Development." Review of Politics 22 (Oct. 1960): 466-81. Rpt as "Darwin und der Nationalismus: Uber die Fragwurdigkeit des Zyklischen Denkens." Dokumente 17 (Juni 1961): 188-98; and with slight abridgement as "A Dangerous Fallacy: Talking of Nations as Men" in Freedom and Union 16 (Nov. 1961): 12-16; and as "Nationalism and Darwin" in IHG 83-98.

"Philosophical Sociology." Modern Schoolman 37 (Jan. 1960): 138-41.

"Wired for Sound: Teaching, Communications, and Technological Culture." College English 21 (Feb. 1960): 245-51. Rpt in Japanese (as "Mimi Wo Sobadateru Jidai") in Americana: A Monthly Journal of Humanities, Social Sciences, and Natural Sciences 7 (Feb. 1961): 71-82; and as "Il Suono e il Dialogo Nella Cultura Contemporanea" in Rassegna Italiana di Sociologia 3 (Aprile-Giugno 1962): 189-203; and in Sight, Sound, and Society: Motion Pictures and Television in America. Ed. David Manning White and Richard Averson. Boston: Beacon P, 1968. 365-76; in Popular Media and the Teaching of English. Ed. Thomas R. Giblin. Pacific Palisades: Goodyear P, 1972. 36-44: and in BW 220-29.


"The Absurdity of the Post-Christian Myth." WFMT Perspective 10 (Nov. 1961): 13-17. Rpt as "Post-Christian or Not" in IHG 147-165.

"The Challenge of Technical Excellence to the Catholic Intellect." An address to the Advanced Workshop for the Improvement of Catholic Schools of Medical Technology, St. Louis, MO. 30 Jan. 1961. Mimeographed.

"Hopkins: Not for Burning." College English 23 (Oct. 1961): 60. Response to John Nist's "Gerard Manley Hopkins and Textural Intensity: A Linguistic Analysis" in College English 22 (Apr. 1961): 497-500.

"The Library and the Frontiers of Knowledge." Catholic Library World 33 (Sept. 1961): 28-33, 61.

"Platform of Good Will." Direction: National Magazine for Sodality Leaders 8 (Oct. 1961): 15-18. Rpt in A Catholic View. Platform of Good Will Ser. New York: National Conference of Christians and Jews, 1961.

"Ramist Classroom Procedure and the Nature of Reality." Studies in English Literature 1 (Winter 1960-61): 31-47. Rpt as "Ramus Educateur: Les Procédés Scolaires et la Nature de la Réalité" in Pédagogues et Juristes. Paris: Librarie Philosophique J. Vrin, 1963. 207-22; and in RRT 142-64. French version of this paper was presented at the International Conference on Renaissance Educators and Jurists held at the Centre d-Études Supérieures de la Renaissance at Tours, France, 4-23 July 1960.

"Ramist Method and the Commercial Mind." Studies in the Renaissance 8 (1961): 155-72. Rpt in RRT 165-79. Ong presented a French version of this paper at the International Conference on Renaissance Educators and Jurists held at the Centre d'Etudes Superieures de la Renaissance at Tours, 4-23 July 1960.

"The Vernacular Matrix of the New Criticism." The Critical Matrix. Ed. Paul R. Sullivan. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown UP, 1961. 3-35. Rpt in BW 177-205.


"The Barbarian Within: Outsiders Within Society Today." BW 260-85.

"British Literary History." The College and Adult Reading List of Books in Literature and the Fine Arts. Ed. Edward Lueders for the Committee on College and Adult Reading List of the National Council of Teachers of English. New York: Washington Square P, 1962. 255-61.

"'Burnt Norton' in St. Louis." American Literature 33 (Jan. 1962): 522-26. Rpt in Deep Channel Packet 21 (Winter 1963): 2-5; and in From Mary to You 11 (May 1963): 24-26.

Foreword. Pius XII and Technology. Comp. Leo J. Haigerty. Milwaukee: Bruce, 1962. vii-x.

Foreword. Twelve Virtues of a Good Teacher. By Brother Luke M. Grande, F.S.C. New York: Sheed and Ward, 1962. 9-11. Rpt with author's preface in LaSallian Digest 5 (Fall 1962): 39-42.

"Ideas of Technology: Commentary." Technology and Culture 3 (Fall 1962): 459-62. Text edited from taped transcription of remarks on 12 Mar. 1962, commenting on a paper by Jacques Ellul of the Universite de Bordeaux, Rance, at the Encyclopaedia Britannica Conference on the Technological Order held at the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions, Santa Barbara, CA, 11-16 Mar. 1962.

"Modern Literature and American Universities." The Cambridge Review: A Journal of University Life and Thought 3 Nov. 1962: 77-81.

"New Definitions in the Humanities: The Humanities in a Technological Culture." Concluding Section of "Report by the Commission on Trends in Education." PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association 77 (May 1962): 76-87.

Preface. Renaissance Concepts of the Commonplaces: An Historical Investigation of the General and Universal Ideas Used in All Argumentation and Persuasion with Special Emphasis on the Education and Literary Tradition of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. By Sister Joan Marie Lechner, O.S.U. New York: Pageant P, 1962. vii-ix.

"Religion, Scholarship, and the Resituation of Man." Daedalus: Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (issued as The Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences) 91 (Spring 1962): 418-36. Rpt as "Religion, Wissenschaft und die Einordnung des Menschen" in Dokumente: Zeitschrift fur Übernationale Zusammenarbei (Köln) 19 (Februar 1963): 7-17; as "Macrocosme et Microcosme: L'Homme Religieux et l'Effort Intellectuel Contemorain" in Recherches et Débats du Centre Catholique des Intellectuels Français Cahier no. 43: "Sexualite et Limitation des Naissances" (juin 1963): 125-44; in The Sacred and Secular. Ed. Michael J. Taylor, S.J. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1968. 104-22; and in IHG 127-46; and as "Religion, Scholarship, and the Resituation of Man" in FC1 88-105. Originally prepared under the title "Microcosm and Macrocosm: Religion, Scholarship, and the Resituation of Man" as one of the papers for discussion at the Frank L. Weil Institute Conference 17-19 Jan. 1961, Cincinnati, Ohio; circulated before the conference and discussed at the conference by William Foxwell Albright and Van Meter Amers.

Response in "Symposium on the Role of Art in Life." Four Quarters 11 (Mar. 1962): 14.

"Synchronic Present: the Academic Future of Modern Literature in America." Approaches to the Study of Twentieth-Century Literature: Proceedings of the Conference in the Study of Twentieth-Century Literature, First Session, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, 2-4 May 1961. East Lansing: Michigan State UP, 1961. 55-103. First general publication: "Synchronic Present: the Academic Future of Modern Literature in America." American Quarterly 14(Part 2) (Summer 1962): 239-59. Rpt as "Synchronic Present: Modernity in Literary Study" in IHG 17-41.


"American Culture and Morality." Religious Education 58 (Mar.-Apr. 1963): 114-26. Rpt with material from "Faith and Secular Learning" in IHG 164-87; and in FC1 106-126.

"Classic and Romantic." The Concise Encyclopedia of English and American Poets and Poetry. Ed. Stephen Spender and Donald Hall. New York: Hawthorn, 1963. 78-80, 97. Rpt in 2nd ed. rev. London: Hutchinson and Co, 1970. 51-54.

"Comments on Dr. James L. Foy's paper." Guild of Catholic Psychiatrists Bulletin 10 (July 1963): 171-75. Foy's paper, "Teilhard de Chardin, Phenomenology and the Study of Man," appeared in the same issue, pages 155-70.

"L'Ecriture en Peril?" Trans. Rene Marie, S.J. Etudes 316.2 (fevrier 1963): 205-10. Closely follows Ong's tape, "The End of the Age of Literacy."

"Johnson, Samuel." The Concise Encyclopedia of English and American Poets and Poetry. Ed. Stephen Spender and Donald Hall. New York: Hawthorn, 1963. 179-180. Rpt in 2nd ed. rev. London: Hutchinson and Co., 1970. 145-46.

"Knowledge, Time, and Man." Current Issues in Higher Education 1963: The Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual National conference in Higher Education 3-6 Mar. 1963. Ed. G. Kerry Smith. Washington, D.C.: Association for Higher Education, a Department of the National Education Association, 1963. 230-32.

"Our Roman Catholic Heritage." Religion and Contemporary Society. Ed. Harold Stahmer. New York:  Macmillan, 1963. 43-84.


"The Communications Revolution." The Environment of Change: A Conference at Sterling Forest, Tuxedo, New York 14-17 June 1964. Ed. with intro. Bernhard M. Auer. New York: Time, Inc., 1964. 109-126, with discussion, 122-26. Rpt as "Breakthrough in Communications" in IHG 1-16.

"English as English: The New Criticism and the Study of the Vernacular." The Cambridge Review: A Journal of University Life and Thought 18 Jan. 1964: 182-87. Revised text of a radio lecture taped for the BBC Third Programme in London, 3 Sept. 1962, and broadcast 20 Dec. 1962 and 2 June 1963.

"Hostility, Literacy, and Webster III." College English 26 (Nov. 1964): 106-11. Rpt in Aspects of American English. By Elizabeth M. Kerr and Ralph M. Aderman. 2nd ed. New York: Harcourt, Brace Jovanovich, 1971. 109-16; and in abridged form as "The Word in Chains" in IHG 52-59.

"The Knowledge Explosion and the Sciences of Man." American Benedictine Review 15 (Mar. 1964): 1-13. Rpt as "The Knowledge Explosion in the Humanities" in IHG 41-51.

"A Ramist Translation of Euripides." Manuscripta 8 (Mar. 1964): 18-28.

"Recent Studies in the English Renaissance." Studies in English Literature 4 (Winter 1964): 163-94.

"[Report on] Grant No. 3037--Penrose Fund (1961), $1000. The Polemic Bias in Thought and Expression Through Certain Areas of Western Rhetorical Culture." The American Philosophical Society Held at Philadelphia for Promoting Useful Knowledge: Year Book 1963: 1 Jan. 1963 - 31 Dec. 1963. Philadelphia: The American Philosophical Society, 1964. 583.

"Technology and Culture: A Report on Remarks by Walter J. Ong, S.J." Philosophy in a Technological Culture: The Proceedings of the Workshop in Philosophy in a Technological Culture Conducted Under the General Auspices of the Director of Workshops, The Catholic University of America, 13 June to 24 June 1963. Ed. George F. McLean, O.M.I. Washington, D.C.: Catholic U of America P, 1964. 161-63, with discussion 172-79.


"Faith and Secular Learning." Texas Quarterly 8 (Winter 1965-66): 182-88. Delivered as the baccalaureate address at commencement, U of Texas, Austin, 29 May 1965.

"Jesuits and Higher Education: A Symposium." By Msgr. John F. Bradley, Theodore M. Hesburgh, C.S.C., James F. Maguire, S.J., Ong, and Michael P. Walsh, S.J. Ed. Robert S. Fitzgerald, S.J. Woodstock Letters 94 (Summer 1965): 245-74.

"Mild Megalomania?" Woodstock Letters 94 (Summer 1965): 259-67. Rpt in Sister Formation Bulletin: Official Publication of the National Sister Foundation 12 (Summer 1966): 6-9.

"Myth or Evolution? Crisis of the Creative Imagination." McCormick Quarterly 18 (Jan. 1965): 37-56. This article was read as a paper at the Colloguium on Myth and Modern Man sponsored by McCormick Theological Seminary, Chicago, 22 Oct. 1964.

"Oral Residue in Tudor Prose Style." PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association 80 (June 1965): 145-54. Rpt in RRT 23-47.

Preface. Christian Metaphysics. By Claude Trasmontant. Trans. Gerard Slevin. New York: Sheed and Ward, 1965. 7-11.

"Recollections in Tranquillity." Saturday Review 10 Apr. 1965: 37-38.

"Statement for the Catholic Commission on Intellectual and Cultural Affairs." Intellectual and Cultural Possibilities Generated by Vatican Council II. Ed. William J. Rooney. Washington, D.C.: Catholic Commission on Intellectual and Cultural Affairs, Apr. 1965. 40. Mimeographed brochure.


Contribution in "Let Us Pray . . . But How? State of the Question." America 3 Dec. 1966: 745-46. This letter by Ong responds to "Modern English in the Mass." By Gareth Edwards. America 22 Oct. 1966: 483-86.

"Evolution, Myth, and Poetic Vision." Comparative Literature Studies 3 (Jan. 1966): 1-20. Rpt in in IHG 99-126; New Theology No. 5. Ed. Martin E. Marty and Dean G. Peerman. New York: Macmillan, 1968. 222-52; in Comparative Literature: Matter and Method. Ed. A. Owen Aldridge. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1969. 308-27; in The Enigma of Time. Ed. Peter T. Landsberg. Bristol, Eng.: Adam Hilger, Ltd., 1982, 1984. 213-32; and in FC2 104-27. The article in FC2 is a revised and expanded version of a lecture given 11 May 1964 for the Thirty-First Peters Rushton Seminar in Contemporary Prose and Poetry at the University of Virginia.

"Literature, Threat, and Conquest." College English 27 (May 1966): 620-23.


"The Expanding Humanities and the Individual Scholar." PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association 82 (Sept. 1967): 1-7. Rpt in revised form in The Hofstra Review 2 (Autumn 1967): 27-32; and in The Cosmos Reader Ed. Edgar Z. Friedenberg et al. New York: Harcourt, Brace Jovanovich, 1970. 1024-33.

"Humanism." The New Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 7. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1967. 215b-224b.

"I Remember Pere Teilhard." The Jesuit Bulletin 46 (Feb. 1967): 6-7; 17-18.

"'Idea' Titles in John Milton's Milieu." Studies in Honor of DeWitt T. Starnes. Ed. Thomas P. Harrington, et al. Austin: U of Texas P, 1967. 227-39. Rpt in FC3 57-68.

"Implications of the Humanities Institute for School Programs." Literature in Humanities Programs: Papers Delivered at the NCTE Humanities Conference, Fall 1966. Ed. Albert H. Marckwardt. Champaign, IL: NCTE, 1967. 57-64.

"Literature, Religion, and Faith." Newsletter of the Conference on Christianity and Literature 17 (Fall 1967): 21-24. Rpt in Network: A Journal of Religion and Culture 1 (Mar. 1974): 14-16.

"Literature, Written Transmission of." The New Catholic Encyclopedia. Ed. William J. McDonald et al. Vol. 8. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1967. 833a-833b.

"Modern Media and God's Word." Part I of "The Primacy of the Spirit," a four program series on "The Catholic Hour," National Broadcasting Co., Sunday 7, 14, 21, 28 May 1967. Part I broadcast on 7 May 1967. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic Hour, National Council of Catholic Men, 1967. Printed in abridged form, with added concluding paragraph, as "Sound and Civilization: From Pericles to Electronics" in St. Louis University Magazine 40 (Winter 1968): 7-9; St. Louis University Magazine adaptation with some further adaptations and additions, without acknowledgement, reprinted by arrangement with the St. Louis University Magazine and Mr. Conrad Kulawas, editor of The Univesity of Chicago Magazine, in The University of Chicago Magazine 61 (Mar.-Apr. 1969): 25-27; St. Louis University Magazine adaptation, with still further additions, rpt as "Comment: Voice, Print, and Culture" in The Journal of Typographic Research 4 (Winter 1970): 77-83; and rpt as "Sound and Civilization" in Paedagogisches Institut der Landeshaupstadt Deusseldorf: Schriftenreihe Heft 26 (Juni 1975): 50-53.

Preface. Man at Play. By Hugo Rahner, S.J. Trans. Brian Battershaw and Edward Quinn. New York: Herder and Herder, 1967. ix-xiv. Rpt in "Toward a Theology of Merriment." Moreana: Bulletin Thomas More, Vols. 15 and 16, Festschrift for E.F.Rogers 15-16 (Nov. 1967): 326-30.

"Ramus, Peter." The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Vol. 7. Ed. Paul Edwards. New York: Macmillan and Free Press of Glencoe, 1967. 66-68.

"Ramus, Peter." The New Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 12 Ed. William J. McDonald et al. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1967. 77a-78a.

"Report of the Working Committee on English, Literature, and Arts." The Tufts Seminar to Initiate New Experiments in Undergraduate Instruction, 30 Aug - 11 Sept. 1965. Ed. Jack R. Tessman. Medford, MS: Tufts U, 1967. 8-13.

"The Spiritual Meaning of Technology and Culture." Technology and Culture in Perspective. By Harvey Cox, Hudson Hoagland, Ong, and Gyorgy Kepes, and the Members of the Seminar on Technology and culture at M.I.T. Ed. Myron B. Bloy, Jr. and Illene Montana. Cambridge: The Church Society for College Work, 1967. 29-31, with discussion 31-34. A resume of a talk given 7 Mar. 1966 to the Faculty Seminar on Technology and Culture, M.I.T., Cambridge. Rpt in excerpt form in Faculty Forum no. 41 (May 1967): 3-4; and in abridged form as "Man, in a Word" in The Intercollegian 85 (Summer 1967): 34-47.


Comment on "Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World." Issued by the Second Vatican Council, Articles 54, 55, 56 in the booklet Men and Nations: Vatican II's Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World, Part II, Problems of Special Urgency. Ed. Peter Foote, et al. Chicago: Catholic Action Federations, 1968. 22-25.

Comments on Richard J. Schoeck's paper "The Scholar in the World: A Humanistic View." CCIA Bulletin no. 12 (Fall 1968): 41-53. Ong's comments were given from notes, taped, transcribed, and edited slightly by Ong before publication. Schoeck's paper was published in The Christian Intellectual and the "Secular" World. Washington: CCICA, May 1968. 49-56.

"The Human and the Humanist." Review-article on Yeat's Blessings on von Hugel: Essays on Literature and Religion. By Martin Green. The Month 225.1208 (39.2 in new series) (Feb. 1968): 110-12.

"Tudor Writings on Rhetoric." Studies in the Renaissance 15 (1968): 39-69. Rpt in revised form as "Tudor Writings on Rhetoric, Poetic, and Literary Theory" in RRT 48-103.

"World as View and World as Event." Paper originally presented at Wenner-Gren Foundation Burg Wartenstein symposium no. 41, "World Views: Their Nature and Their Role in Culture," 2-11 Aug. 1968, sponsored by the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, Inc., New York. New York: Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, 1968. First public printing in American Anthropologist 61 (Aug. 1969): 634-47. Rpt in Environ/Mental: Essays on the Planet as a Home. Ed. Paul Shepard and Daniel McKinley. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1971. 61-79; in Intercommunication Among Nations and Peoples. Ed. Michael H. Prosser, assisted by William J. Starosta. New York: Harper and Row, 1973. 27-44; and in FC3 69-90.


"Communications Media and the State of Theology." Cross Currents 19 (Fall 1969): 462-80. Rpt in Theology in the City of Man. Ed. John W. Padberg, S.J. West Nyack: Cross Currents, 1970. 462-80; and in FC1 154-74; and in Media, Culture, and Catholicism.  Kansas City:  Sheed and Ward, 1996.  3-20.

"Crisis and Understanding in the Humanities." Daedalus 93.3 (Summer 1969): 617-40. Rpt in RRT 304-36.

"Howard Nemerov and His Poetry." Aardwolf (unofficial publication by Honors Program students at St. Louis University) 2 (Oct. 1969): 4.

"The Humanities and Social Crisis." Edited transcription of a dialogue videotaped 14 Mar. 1969 at WTTW-TV, Channel 11, Chicago, broadcast 17 Apr. 1969 on WTTW-TV and later elsewhere. With Martin Marty, Richard G. Stern, and moderator John Calwelti. The University of Chicago Round Table: Dialogues from the Television Series, Spring 1969 Season. Ed. Conrad Kulawas. Chicago: U of Chicago Office of Radion and Television, 1969. 71-82.

"Interiority and Modernity in the Spiritual Exercises." Unpublished transcription of taped talk given at the conference of Interiority and Modernity in the Spiritual Exercises, St. Louis University, 13 Apr. 1969.

Introduction. Collectaneae Praefationes, Epistolae, Orationes. By Peter Ramus and Audomarus Talaeus. Hildesheim, Ger.: Georg Olms Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1969. A facsimile of the 1599 Marburg edition.

"Worship at the End of the Age of Literacy." Worship 43 (Oct. 1969): 474-87. Rpt in revised form in FC1 175-88. Revised version of an address given at a liturgical conference, "Worship '69," at the University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, June 1969.

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